Lactose is a very common term. We all come across this word in our daily life. We can see this word written on the medical prescription or at the back of milk products. One can find lactose and lactase, similar terms. However, it is worth noting that they are two different but interrelated terms. Lactose is a kind of sugar that is present in milk. On the other hand, lactase is an enzyme that helps the body in digesting milk.
Galactose and glucose are it’s two basic elements. One needs to understand these two terms carefully to reap full knowledge of it.
Galactose- The Basic Element Of Lactose
Galactose is an important content of lactose. It is a monosaccharide. The reaction between galactose and glucose gives birth to disaccharide. The hydrolysis of lactose separates the molecule’s named glucose and galactose. Galactose is also famous with the name of brain sugar. One can find galactose in sugar beet and various milk products. It is a source of natural sugar and it provides energy instantly.
We can find it in all the milk products. Some people cannot digest milk products due to the absence of lactase enzymes. This situation can create bloating, nausea and vomiting in the people. In scientific language, this is referred to as lactose intolerance. This is a very common problem among humans. It can be congenital, primary or developmental. Treatment and proper care are necessary for this condition.
This condition is not only found in humans, but also in animals. A dog with this condition can have the same symptoms as humans. Some dogs may feel light symptoms while others can show severe ones.
Around fifty million people in America suffer from lactose intolerance. This population consists of ninety percent Asian Americans and seventy- five percent African Americans. This shows the health condition of the most developed country in the world. They are living with this problem without taking any proper medication and precautions. The most surprising fact is that most Americans do not even know that they are living with this problem.
Test For Lactose Intolerance
Notably, this problem is not life-threatening but we need to educate the masses about the tests and treatments available. One can contact the pathology or clinic for the lactose intolerance test. The doctor may take a history of the patient and look for the symptoms. Furthermore, he or she can also ask for the various tests like the hydrogen breath test or stool test.
Hydrogen Breath Test
This test measures the amount of hydrogen in the breath of a person. This is very helpful in detecting the cause of gastrointestinal issues. It is very helpful in detecting lactose intolerance in a person. During the digestion process, the blood containing hydrogen reaches our lungs. Consequently, this hydrogen is released during the breathing process and we can measure this breath to detect GI issues.
Stool Acidity Test
Test for stool acidity is also one of the best ways of detecting lactose intolerance. This test is specially designed for young patients. In this test, the expert prepares the child for a test by giving him a lactose solution. Thereafter, the doctor waits and takes the stool sample of the patient. To diagnose the condition, you observe on the acidity level of the stool. Acidity present in the stool signifies lactose intolerance.
Therefore, it is a basic element of every milk product. Any feeling of indigestion after intake of milk products can be a symptom of lactose intolerance. Proper expert advice is important in such cases.